A building on fire

What is fire protection?

Principles of fire protection (Fire Protection) is a set of necessary guidelines in the event of a fire in the workplace. It consists of the inability to fight the fire as well as properly carried out evacuation. Knowledge of this knowledge allows you to avoid health damage and even save your life. Therefore, training in this area is crucial. In every workplace, there should be people responsible for keeping a cool head in the event of a fire hazard and responsible management of a group of people. This allows you to avoid a possible tragedy, because fire is a very unpredictable and dangerous element. This article will present the procedures in the event of an emergency and descriptions of training in the field of fire protection.

Basic regulations

As we spend most of our working time inside buildings, we must ensure that they comply with all current fire safety standards. The risk of threat to life, health, damage to property or infrastructure should be limited as much as possible. In accordance with the provisions of the European Parliament and the EU Council, buildings should be designed so that in the event of a fire:

  • the structure has retained its load capacity,
  • limit the spread of fire to neighboring buildings,
  • take care of the safety of professional rescuers,
  • minimize the spread of fire inside the building,
  • allow the occupants to leave the building as efficiently as possible

According to the construction law, a building must be constructed in accordance with all fire safety guidelines, based on the professional technical education of engineers. As for the technical conditions, there are specific siting requirements that buildings must meet. One of the chapters of the construction law is entirely devoted to fire protection. It includes directives such as:

  • separation of separate fire zones,
  • classifying them in terms of resistance to fire,
  • creating fire resistance classes for individual parts of the building,
  • fixed lengths of evacuation routes

The compliance of these regulations with the actual state is checked by the relevant services when the building is put into use. If all the conditions are not met, it means that the building is not properly secured and poses a threat, which in turn may lead to prohibition of its use by people.

The most important piece of legislation

The Fire Protection Act UOP is a special regulation containing relevant fire safety regulations. Its provisions protect spheres such as:

  • health,
  • life,
  • property,
  • environment

Actions aimed at reducing the risk and reducing the risk of various disasters include:

  • preventing fires or natural disasters and their transmission,
  • guarantee of the delivery of all necessary things to fight a fire or other disaster,
  • performing all necessary actions for help and rescue

In addition, the UOP designates appropriate services which, in the face of a threat, must arrive at the scene and fight the danger. These are:

  • units of the State Fire Service,
  • Military Fire Protection,
  • Volunteer Fire Department,
  • professional firefighters of the commune and poviat,

Fire extinguisher in use "

Fire safety training

Qualified and experienced instructors who use extensive teaching equipment are undoubtedly needed to conduct courses in the field of fire protection. This equipment makes teaching much more effective. Such training every new employee should undergo, as different positions have different rules regarding fire safety, just as with occupational health and safety. Fire safety training consists of a theoretical and a practical part. Topics to be learnt by the participants of such training are:

  • knowing what risk is waiting for a given position,
  • getting acquainted with the prevailing fire protection rules in a given facility,
  • getting to know the places where you should look for fire fighting tools,
  • instructions for providing first aid to the injured,
  • evacuating people from fire-endangered places,
  • learning to use the necessary emergency equipment

In fact, the course program depends on the client requesting such training. A well-adapted program leads to a better quality of the results obtained after the training. Usually they are enriched with various types of presentations or tasks involving the participants. Certificates or various declarations of participation in such a course are also on the agenda, so the participant has proof of knowledge of the principles of fire protection for the future. Classes are conducted on the basis of the latest legal regulations, involving didactic methods and under the supervision of experienced teachers. It is very often required that the training rooms are equipped with the latest equipment, as it significantly improves the teaching process. The prices you have to pay for them will usually be closely related to the number of participants in the group. It often happens that a larger training group receives attractive discounts, which is a very big advantage.

Employer Duty

The Fire Protection Act of August 24, 1991 provides for the obligation to conduct this fire-fighting training among its employees. In addition, section 4 of this law states that every building owner has the task of:

  • take into account all technical or installation requirements and act according to their assumptions,
  • ensure that appropriate fire-fighting equipment is available in the building or the nearest area,
  • take care of the maintenance and possible repair of fire-fighting equipment,
  • guarantee safe working hours for people in the building and create conditions for possible evacuation,
  • familiarize people working in the building with all fire safety rules,
  • plan the sequence of actions when a fire breaks out or a similar hazard occurs

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